Archives par mot-clé : work employment

Could job quality of personal services activity be improved ? An analysis in terms of worlds of production

Personal services are in the heart of employment policies for twenty years and namely since 2005. The main aim (creating jobs) have tended to emphasise job quantity at the expense of job quality which, despite the avowed efforts of employers and regulators, remains poor. The article analyses the series of mechanisms at work. While some of these mechanisms are the same as those at work in all personal services, others vary according to the activity in question. Care activities, for example, are caught up in a ‘vicious circle’, while those employed in domestic services are caught in a ‘precarity trap’. The fact that these two areas of activity belong to different ‘worlds of production’ means that the prospects for improving job quality are greater in one (care activities) than in the other.

Franck Bailly, François-Xavier Devetter, François Horn, Socio-Économie du Travail n°34 (Économies et Sociétés, tome XLVI), juin 2012, p.1101-1128.

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Is the ‘Societal Analysis’ Still Useful Today in a Globalised World? A Revised Approach after Twenty Five Years of Development, Criticism, and Discussions

After twenty-five years of practice and development of “Societal Analysis”, it is interesting to revisit it, not as an ancient monument but as a time situated approach, and today facing  new issues. What are the consequences of the “economic globalisation” but also of the renewal of interest in the “local” level, for an approach originally based on the Nation-State ? Do we have to think again about the “societal” as a borderless space where new productive systems are structuring themselves and new kind of actors are emerging through many intermediations ? Doing so the Societal Analysis could contribute, along with other approaches to the renewal of the social sciences and the recombining of their paradigms.

Maurice.M, Socio-Économie du Travail n°22 (Économies et Sociétés, tome XXXVI), août 2002, p.1213-1239.

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Towards a new segmentationist approach

The author discusses segmentationist theory in order to take into account the changes in the labour market and within corporate governance during the last twenty years. The old internal labour markets founded on the exchange of a high  subordination of employee to employer for a high employment and social protection are about to disappear. It doesn’t mean that the external labour market is now the only type of regulation. The proposal here is to take into account the plural and sometimes unstable links between internal (or occupational) and external labour markets in a dynamic analysis. Considering individual trajectories, the paper underlines the flows between thedifferent segments of the labour market and the continuing displacement of frontiers between these segments. The integration of young people into the labour market gives an illustration  of the changing rules of mobility and restructured internal labour markets.

Lefresne.F, Socio-Économie du Travail n°22 (Économies et Sociétés, tome XXXVI), août 2002, p.1241-1267.       

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The indirect employment relations : a heuristic approach

During the last 20 years the management of employment has been transformed, in particular by the development of indirect employment relations.  These new relations have both a conceptual and practical interest, in that they are not subject to the traditional direct relationship between employer and employee.  Integrating an intermediary into this relationship has the effect of making relations more disperse, as different actors become responsible for various elements of the employment relationship.  This article focuses on those forms of employment organised by temporary agencies, internal contractors and groups of employers, with the aim of identifying the principal factors that structure the use of indirect employees.  The process is heuristic and is intended to provide some insights into interpreting current practices.

– Wauquier.V, Larré.F, Socio-Économie du Travail n°22 (Économies et Sociétés, tome XXXVI), août 2002, p.1297-1314.  

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