Archives par mot-clé : work employment policy

For an affirmative economic analysis of discrimination

This article proposes to address the progress of the economic analysis of discrimination, based on the existence of tastes for discrimination or discriminatory beliefs, and its deficiencies thought the Arrow’s approach. Some theoretical extensions, able to explain why discrimination can be a persisting phenomenon, will then be outline. This development will draw up some political applications by justifying affirmative actions.

Ghirardello.A, Socio-Économie du Travail n°24 (Économies et Sociétés, tome XXXVIII), novembre 2004, p.1877-1902.

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From Manufacturers Merchandising to Distributors Merchandising, or the Collective Creation of a Market Management Device

This paper shows the genesis of a market management device–the merchandising–which aims to favour the encounter between offer and demand through the bias of a controlled arrangement of products in the selling place. The paper describes the raising conditions of this device, as well as the evolutions of links between distributors and manufacturers around the control of its set. The author finally shows the processes through which the merchandising has finally stabilised itself around a definition commonly agreed between the multiples market professionals, all looking for new prospects for their activities.

Barrey.S, Socio-Économie du Travail n°25 (Économies et Sociétés, tome XXXIX), avril 2005, p.625-648.

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Employment Is Not Unstable Any More: Explanation, and Consequences on Employment Regulation

Will employment instability be the employment pattern tomorrow? Many studies support this view which is first discussed on the basis of various statistical studies already carried out. A general trend of employment instability is not proved to be true by statistical data. These data show that different figures of mobility have been changed along with the development of lack of job security instead of voluntary quits. To explain these changes, we point out that the will of enterprises is more ambiguous than arguments on the employment instability do assert.

Ramaux.C, Socio-Économie du Travail n°26 (Économies et Sociétés, tome XXXIX), août 2005, p.1443-1470.

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Reproduction Mechanisms of Entrepreneurship and Dynamics of Italian Industrial District

The purpose of this article is to understand the dynamics of Italian production systems composed of small and medium enterprises; in particular, we study the industrial district of Bassano del Grappa, characterised by a craft production process, and localised in the northeast of Italy. The results show that this district, thanks to competitiveness, resists to economic fluctuations. These competitive factors are not explained by technological determinants, but by its capacity to generate organisational and social mechanisms, which are necessary to the reproduction of local professional skills. The actual crisis of the Italian districts may be, in this perspective, interpreted as a crisis of the reproduction y system of skills and actors.

Lanciano.E, Socio-Économie du Travail n°27 (Économies et Sociétés, tome XL), septembre 2006, p.1173-1202.

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Family Policies, Familialism and Women’s Employment in Poland: A Transition without Transformation

The analysis of polish public policies patterns related to women’s employment is the main subject of this paper. From more than ten years, numerous studies emphasize the importance of family policies for women’s employment. In this context, the persistent European heterogeneity have triggered many analysis connected to the Welfare State regimes identification. The behaviour of the State in Poland is strongly familialistic, his model of intervention being very close to those observed in Southern Europe. The persistent institutional continuity between socialism and the present times puts forward the importance of history and his legacy as well as the strong resistance of the State to change.

Dupont-Dobrynski.M-L, Socio-Économie du Travail n°29 (Économies et Sociétés, tome XLI), décembre 2007, p.1895-1923.

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The Role of the Compensation Systems in the Civil Servants Payroll Regulation

The compensation systems in civil service are a way to take the workers contributions into account. However, those bonus don’t differ much according to the nature or the amount of labour carried out by the servant. Then the bonus development can be explained through the lacks of the indexes’table which provides some difficulties to maintain the purchasing power of the civil servants and also encounters some difficulties to take the new work’s qualifications into account.

Duveau.J, Socio-Économie du Travail n°29 (Économies et Sociétés, tome XLI), décembre 2007, p.1839-1867.

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Should the educational expansion be pursued? The short and long term effects.

This article attempts a synthesis of issues and debate related to the educational expansion in France. It examines the limits of projections to 2015 concerning the 50% of graduates goal, this against over education. Over education is the negative side of educational expansion in the short term. The long-term effects are considered as negative composition effect (devaluation of diplomas) and positive (endogenous growth, structuring productive systems, macro economic effects), the latter seem to outweigh the first. This perspective is supported on a theoretical level and placing it in the current debate between an analysis in terms of school inflation and innovation economy.

Lemistre.P, Socio-Économie du Travail n°31 (Économies et Sociétés, tome XLIII), septembre 2009, p. 1469-1501.

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How union activists cope with professional transition ?

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the professional transition of union activists having played a leading role in managing a conflict linked to a restructuring project entailing job losses and having lost their jobs. How do union activists face involuntary professional transition? How do these adjustment tactics and the resources used articulate? After formulating the theoretical framework in the first part, we will then offer a typology of professional transitions undergone by these union leaders, articulating bounce back management and the resources implemented.

Beaujolin-Bellet.R, Grima.F, Socio-Économie du Travail n°32 (Économies et Sociétés, tome XLIV), juillet 2010, p.1129-1156.

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Social Regulations of Time in France and in Sweden

This article takes for starting point the results of an empirical research devoted to the comparative analysis of the relationships between working time and way of life in France and Sweden. Two results are important to take into account:  the greatest mobilization of the French trade unionism in the negotiation and the strongest valorisation of the family, in Sweden, in order to benefit from non working time. In this contribution, we argue that the cultural theory is not relevant in order to explain these two facts. According to our point of view, an institutional approach is more likely interesting to use. We also explain the results our empirical research by the paradoxical alliance of institutional structures (types of industrial relations, place of the  family within the society) and of social changes (evolution of the  public action, emergence of a so-called  “post-modern” family).

Lallement.M, Socio-Économie du Travail n°22 (Économies et Sociétés, tome XXXVI), août 2002, p.1349-1367.    

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Societal Analysis’ Still Useful Today in a Globalised World? A Revised Approach after Twenty Five Years of Development, Criticism, and Discussions

After twenty-five years of practice and development of “Societal Analysis”, it is interesting to revisit it, not as an ancient monument but as a time situated approach, and today facing  new issues. What are the consequences of the “economic globalisation” but also of the renewal of interest in the “local” level, for an approach originally based on the Nation-State ? Do we have to think again about the “societal” as a borderless space where new productive systems are structuring themselves and new kind of actors are emerging through many intermediations ? Doing so the Societal Analysis could contribute, along with other approaches to the renewal of the social sciences and the recombining of their paradigms.

Lanciano-Morandat.C, Nohara.H, Socio-Économie du Travail n°22 (Économies et Sociétés, tome XXXVI), août 2002, p.1315-1347.        

 

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