Archives par mot-clé : work employement

Comparing employment systems in the hotel and catering industry in France and the United States

The aim of this paper is to understand the reasons for which the levels of employment in the hotel and catering industry are so high in the United States compared to France. Different economic factors (such as working time, consumption levels, productivity and service quality) are used to shed light on the differences in the volumes of work. But the responses given are still limited. Indeed nothing is said on the reasons why American workers accept very low wages in this particular sector, when compared to the French situation or even to the rest of the American economy. We therefore adopt a societal approach, and we show that different spaces (regulation, competition, organisation, social and family space) intervene in the explanation of the massive use of a very young labour force in the American hotel and catering industry.

Jany-Catrice.F, Socio-Économie du Travail n°23 (Économies et Sociétés, tome XXXVIII), janvier 2004, p.147-181.

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From the Individual Occupation to the Firm Specific Occupation

“Individual” occupation, “collective” occupation, “firm specific occupation”: these notions use the same terms, but refer to three different realities: the individual work, the collective organisation and the firm’s strategy aiming at creating wealth. In the new organisations, these three notions, which used to be clearly distinct, tend to be interrelated and deeply affect the individual occupations. Several examples are analysed in this paper, in the insurance sector and in the recreational activities, which show the progress of the firm specific occupation within individual occupations.

Raulet-Croset.N, Schmidt.G, Socio-Économie du Travail n°25 (Économies et Sociétés, tome XXXIX), avril 2005, p.649-674.

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Employment Is Not Unstable Any More: Explanation, and Consequences on Employment Regulation

Will employment instability be the employment pattern tomorrow? Many studies support this view which is first discussed on the basis of various statistical studies already carried out. A general trend of employment instability is not proved to be true by statistical data. These data show that different figures of mobility have been changed along with the development of lack of job security instead of voluntary quits. To explain these changes, we point out that the will of enterprises is more ambiguous than arguments on the employment instability do assert.

Ramaux.C, Socio-Économie du Travail n°26 (Économies et Sociétés, tome XXXIX), août 2005, p.1443-1470.

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