Archives par mot-clé : public policy employment

On the flexibility of atypical self-employed and the rigidity of official statistical data. The case of Greece

The general point of this article is that the usual conception of flexibility is very problematic for countries like Greece, where the main bulk of flexible employment is found outside or, in the margins, of the wage-earners. The blurring boundaries between the statuses of the wage-earners and the self-employed workers is a typical example of flexibility that is usually ignored by the official statistical data. In order to illustrate this phenomenon, the article uses the notion of « travail parasubordonné », which has its origins in Italy (lavoro parasubordinato). The whole argument is presented in three parts. The first part is devoted to the discussion of the evolution, the advantages and the problems associated with the notion of « travail parasubordonné ». In the second part evidence is presented from a field research on the employment of Greek engineers. The main outcome of the empirical research is that this atypical form of employment is increasing among young graduates. Finally, the third part discusses the question of public policy. The point here is that the power relations between the two contracting parts make redundant policies that aim to transform the atypical self-employed to wage-earners.

Liagouras.G, Socio-Économie du Travail n°23 (Économies et Sociétés, tome XXXVIII), janvier 2004, p.113-145.

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Constraints Governing Action by Plant Management: Analysis of Human Resources Management in the Automobile Industry

The study carried out over the last fifteen years or so concerning methods of human resources management in factories within the automobile industry (car manufacturers and suppliers) highlights the spread of the same management practices. In fact, they are, however, different depending on the management of any given factory. Managers on the spot come under pressure from the central management of groups of car manufacturers and suppliers but do have some margin of autonomy. In this analysis of their constraints and their initiatives, theories are examined about domination and the role played by management.

Gorgeu.A, Mathieu.R, Socio-Économie du Travail n°26 (Économies et Sociétés, tome XXXIX), août 2005, p.1503-1530.

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Does the Emergence of Companies on the Market of Paid Domestic Services Allow the Professionalization of the Workers ?

The new public policies in favor of the development of the domestic services sector are increasingly based on the creation of private companies. For the government, these companies should support a professionalization of the sector. The term of professionalization can however have two very different meanings. It could be intended to the customers of these services or to the workers. We would like to show in this article that the workers’ professionalization runs up against very great difficulties in a competing and low skill sector.

Devetter.F-X, Rousseau.S, Socio-Économie du Travail n°29 (Économies et Sociétés, tome XLI), décembre 2007, p.1869-1893.

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“Private” as gender inequality

The recent development of jobs marked by the notion of proximity, such as “personal services” promoted by the plan Borloo, is mainly aimed at women, by leaning implicitly on their supposed specific qualities. This gendered reference conceals precarious conditions of jobs and recreates, in wage labour, gender inequality, forcing women to adopt positions which lower them compared to men. The actual and future importance of these jobs requires wondering about the building of a public working space in close relationships.

Dussuet.A, Socio-Économie du Travail n°30 (Économies et Sociétés, tome XLII), janvier 2009, p.123-143.

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Ways of Intermediation and Selection: The Contrasts between Job Ads and Social Networks

This article analyses the specialization of hiring channels, which enable to recruit specific applicant profiles. The paper relies on the hypothesis that this specialization is not only produced by job search methods, but also by the type of selection associated to each channel. Two recruitment channels are examined, job advertisements and social networks, in two countries, France and Spain. Data from surveys show that in both countries, the profiles of individuals who find a job via these two channels are contrasted. Differences are attributed to the matching markers and to the evaluation processes relevant in both cases.

Marchal.E, Rieucau.G, Socio-Économie du Travail n°30 (Économies et Sociétés, tome XLII), janvier 2009, p.3-26.

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