Archives par mot-clé : labour market segmentation

The German model of labour market segmentation – tendencies of change

In the first two decades after the Second World War a specific labour market structure emerged in the Federal Republic of Germany as integral part of “Rhenish Capitalism”. Basic elements were the hegemony of internal labour markets, a strong protection of wage labour against market forces and a far reaching “vocationalism” in the employment system. In the last two decades there is an increasing evidence of change: a growth of external and secondary markets, de-regulation and re-commodification, and a downgrade of the socio-economic space for vocational skills. East Germany plays the role of a testing field and forerunner. We interpret these tendencies as modifications of the German model rather than as fundamental change and expect path dependency for the future. The analyses demonstrate that segmentation concepts are still useful heuristic instruments and that a better understanding of external labour markets is crucial for research and policy development.

Lutz.B, Köhler.C, Grünert.H, Struck.O, Socio-Économie du Travail n°28 (Économies et Sociétés, tome XLI), juin 2007, p.1057-1088.

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What became of labour market Segmentation in France: its changing design

A survey of thirty years of French literature suggests an assessment of the segmentationist perspective today: a compulsory theoretical reference as soon as one debates the varied nature of the employment relationship; and an old-fashioned reference that is now obscured by more general analyses either of social inequalities or of historical dynamics of productive systems. Reformulations of segmentationist models could  give them a better place today.

Michon.F, Socio-Économie du Travail n°28 (Économies et Sociétés, tome XLI), juin 2007, p.999-1026.

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Labour market segmentation in Britain: the decline of occupational labour markets and the spread of ‘entry tournaments’

This paper reviews the changing pattern of labour market segmentation in Britain since the mid-1970s. In the early 1980s, industrial labour markets in Britain, along with Germany, could be characterised as dominated by occupational labour markets for skilled workers compared with the predominance of firm internal labour markets in France and Italy. These provided for structured entry paths into the relevant occupations and jobs. Britain’s position in this picture has changed as a result of the decline of industrial employment and the institutions on which these occupational markets were built. The second part of the article searches for new models whose importance is increasing in Britain. It examines the spread of highly competitive conditions for entry into certain service sector activities, such as the media, and ‘knowledge intensive’ services where employment has been growing rapidly. The paper presents evidence that some of these sectors have come to be characterised by prolonged ‘entry tournaments’. These are driven by ease of entry at the bottom, growth of earnings at the top, and a struggle for access to the higher status, stable, positions within the occupation.

Marsden.D, Socio-Économie du Travail n°28 (Économies et Sociétés, tome XLI), juin 2007, p.965-998.

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Labour market segmentation and employment relations: new challenges for collective action

Changes in the organizational models and changes of management styles have sharpened the segmentation of the labour markets. Labour markets segmentation acquires increased consistency since it discriminates with regards to workers’ personal, family and social situations. Since it gives rise to different kind of interests, values and behaviours between labour segments, it helps us to explain why the individual relationships and the micro corporative action acquire a greater space in the social employment relations. Trade unions must confront with this panorama.

Alós.R, Socio-Économie du Travail n°32 (Économies et Sociétés, tome XLIV), juillet 2010, p.1241-1269.

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