Archives par mot-clé : employment contract

Graduates in Ivory Coast : modes of access to employment

The object of this article is to analyze the impact of the social networks and institutional intermediaries on the graduates’ insertion in Côte d’Ivoire. Since the economic crisis of the years1980, the insertion of the graduates ceased being systematic and from now on, the access to stable job results from mobilization of social relations. The impact of job search modes on the employment’s quality is estimate by a discrete choice model. It establishes a link between individual characteristics and the job search modes. The results obtained show that women use relations more than men and the most graduates of classic formation occupy unstable employment. The article suggests an improvement of institutional intermediaries’ service in order to reduce the inequality on the job market.

WAPOH H., Modes d’accès à l’emploi des diplômés en Côte d’Ivoire, Socio-Économie du Travail n°35 (Économies et Sociétés, tome XLVII), mai 2013, p.691-723.

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Employment contract and security of career path in the labour market

This article aims to study the role of the employment contract in the security of mobility in the labor market. More analysis assumes that the employment contract alter the efficiency of the labor market. In this analysis, the employment contract played a key role in security and in labor market dualism. Permanant contract, which was too stable, has the effect of delay on the temporary contracts the job insecurity. We examine the mobility on the labor market according to three criteria of security, we show that the employment contract does not play an important role in this security. Indeed, we observe a high portion of permanent employees familiar fragiles trajectories and temporary employees familiar secure trajectories. Finally, we point out other explanations for the security on labor market as the sector.

Mireille Bruyère, Laurence Lizé, Socio-Économie du Travail n°34 (Économies et Sociétés, tome XLVI), juin 2012, p.1129-1158.

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