Professionalization of higher education and public selection: failure of democratization

A good matching between initial training and job would improve employability, social promotion as the fight against abandonment of studies. Our investigations strongly relativize this assumption and emphasize the selection’s weight in the so-called “performance” the professionalization of higher education. Not only is this selection made upstream of entry in the professional academic sector, plays against social promotion of its audience but it helps to increase and change the nature of inequalities.