First recruitment of young innovative companies: variations of embeddedness

This text analyses the recruitment practices of innovative companies in their early years. It relies on interviews with 95 young companies. Interviews were used to isolate 618 recruitment situations described enough precisely to analyze how the creators mobilize personal relationships of different types or the more formal channels of recruitment. Recruitment studied being dated compared with the creation of the company, we look at how practices evolve over time, from the massive recourse to personal relations of first steps to more formal devices afterwards. We interpret this result as a decoupling process of the innovative young companies from the personal networks of their creators.