Long term expansion of female schooling and recent changes in occupational gender segregation: is there a link ?

This paper focuses on the evolution between 1996 and 2002 of the occupational segregation between men and women, measured by the Karmel and Maclachlan index. The analysis is based on a decomposition method that separates an occupational segregation component inherited from educational segregation from another component related to the labour market. The first objective is to appreciate the part of the decrease in occupational segregation that can be related to the expansion of diplomas in the labour force between the two years. The second objective is to differentiate what, in those evolutions, can be attributed to structural changes in the labour demand and supply, and what can be attributed to changes in the economic agents’ behaviours. Last, it shows the degree of variability of those changes depending on the type of occupation.

Couppié.T, Épiphane.D, Socio-Économie du Travail n°30 (Économies et Sociétés, tome XLII), janvier 2009, p.87-121.

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