Women continue to reject factory jobs and today they only represent 20 % of factory workers in France. This article, based on a case study, rests on interviews carried out since the beginning of this century with factory managers, trade unions officials and both male and female factory workers in the automobile industry (car makers and suppliers). In this industry, tasks traditionally given to women have been, to a great extent, relocated in low wages countries. Female workers now do jobs that are mixed or in the main done by men, but which are not very enhanced and often precarious. Women accepted them or applied for them a a second best. All the female workers who were interviewed in 2006, whatever their age and professional path, have diseases linked to their working conditions.
Gorgeu.A, Mathieu.R, Socio-Économie du Travail n°31 (Économies et Sociétés, tome XLIII), septembre 2009, p. 1503-1529.